The top half of this mashup is the U.S. CPI for 200 years.
Inflationists are still waiting for a big surge in prices and while they might be determined to bid up prices of real estate, collector cars and discretionary baubles bangles and beads, general price inflation is in a 1%-3% per year range in both Canada and the U.S.
In the U.S. we are seeing uptick moves to the top of the CPI range along with what appears to be a solid uptrend in wages since 2012. The wage trend also fits nicely with a definite uptrend in the USD/CAD ratio that's been on since 2011. A stronger USD helps American wage earners buy more stuff which encourages employers to hire more people.
On the Canadian side, CAD wages rose along with the strong CAD$ out of the 2009 pit of gloom and by 2011 according to the charts above, the gears shifted and as Canadian wages continued to accelerate, U.S. wages slumped until the USD/CAD ratio hit its last low in late 2012. Now for the past year the US$ has been in a solid uptrend and U.S. wages have been moving up as well with higher highs and higher lows.
A lot of global debt is priced in US$ and so the demand for US$ may not be anywhere near exhausted.
Canadian wages seem to be forming a cap (? on chart above) and in a range that might correct. If the USD/CAD ratio continues to climb the wall of worry, it is going to change a lot of portfolio construction globally and locally as Canadian real estate value perception falls against a rising U.S. dollar.
We know that overpriced Canadian real estate is a negative yield generator (case study). If the Currency markets sell the Loonie and rush to the senior currency (the US$), get ready for real estate markdowns in a Canadian neighborhhood near you.
Vancouver is the giant, and I have drawn a couple of lines on the chart where I think we will see a lot of action.